Posts Tagged

cancer

Combining IL-2-based immunotherapy with commensal probiotics produces enhanced antitumor immune response and tumor clearance

Admin Clinical Papers July 10, 2020

Background: Interleukin-2 (IL-2) serves as a pioneer of immunotherapeutic agent in cancer treatment. However, there is a considerable proportion of patients who cannot benefit from this therapy due to the limited clinical responses and dose-limiting toxicities. Mounting evidence indicates that commensal microbiota shapes the outcome of cancer immunotherapies. In this…

The pancreatic cancer microbiome promotes oncogenesis by induction of innate and adaptive immune suppression

Admin Clinical Papers March 22, 2018

We found that the cancerous pancreas harbors a markedly more abundant microbiome compared to normal pancreas in both mice and humans, while select bacteria are differentially increased in the tumorous pancreas compared to gut. Ablation of the microbiome protects against pre-invasive and invasive PDA, whereas transfer of bacteria from PDA-bearing…

Potential role of intratumor bacteria in mediating tumor resistance to the chemotherapeutic drug gemcitabine

Admin Clinical Papers September 15, 2017

Growing evidence suggests that microbes can influence the efficacy of cancer therapies. By studying colon cancer models, we found that bacteria can metabolize the chemotherapeutic drug gemcitabine (2′,2′-difluorodeoxycytidine) into its inactive form, 2′,2′-difluorodeoxyuridine. Metabolism was dependent on the expression of a long isoform of the bacterial enzyme cytidine deaminase (CDDL),…